A project that fits the ambitions of the Rotterdam Zoo where sustainability is one of the key issues.
The house for the giraffes is designed as a "Shelter," for which the archetype of the African Coral has served as the model. It is the first building designed for animals following the principles of the sustainability philosophy called "Cradle to Cradle."
/Menno Lam, LAM architects
The project forced us to unite the tensions between the neutral climate requirements ambitions and that of a healthy climate for the African animals. The end result gives a special satisfaction.
Lam refers to the full energy concept and architecture of the
building, where everything is considered. The building is almost
free of maintenance, and the vast majority of materials are easily
reused or recycled.
The 330,000 liters of rainwater the building collects annually will be used for the plants in an adjacent habitat. Wood chips, rather than fossil fuels, are burned for heating.
On cold days the animals themselves search for warmth at special
designed "cuddle-walls" (steel elements with low temperature
heating inside). Warming-up the animals makes it unnecessary to the
heat the whole 4500 cubic meter building. Where possible materials
with a very low environmental impact are used.
The holistic approach to the architectural design provides a
high degree of comfort for all. Concern for animal welfare is
reflected in the round shape, the amount of space and height, the
use of non-toxic materials, and daylight. Natural ventilation also
contributes to a healthy indoor climate.
Many materials within "licking-range" of the giraffes are applied untreated to prevent them from toxic substances. Where it is not possible to have an untreated solution a very durable non toxic application is used.
Although the "Savannah House," the name used at the Zoo, is
suitable for various savannah animals, it is a tailor made design
for the size and lifestyle of the giraffes.
The building will be opened officially by Mayor AbouTaleb on July 8th. The giraffes where the first to step over the threshold on June 26th.
Facts about Giraffe House
Gross floor area:
approx. 570 m2
Dura Vermeer Heyma Rotterdam
Stichting Koninklijke Rotterdamse Diergaarde
Last updated: December 19, 2013
North Adams, Massachusetts, USA