The Agora Theatre is part of the masterplan for Lelystad
by Adriaan Geuze, which aims to revitalize the pragmatic, sober
The theatre responds to the ongoing mission of reviving and recovering the post-war Dutch new towns by focusing on the archetypal function of a theatre: that of creating a world of artifice and enchantment.
Both inside and outside walls are faceted to reconstruct the
kaleidoscopic experience of the world of the stage, where you can
never be sure of what is real and what is not. In the Agora theatre
drama and performance are not restricted to the stage and to the
evening, but are extended to the urban experience and to
The envelope is generated in part by the necessity to place the two auditoriums as far apart from each other as possible for acoustic reasons. Thus, a larger and a smaller theatrical space, a stage tower, several interlinked and separate foyers, numerous dressing rooms, multifunctional rooms, a café and a restaurant are all brought together within one volume that protrudes dramatically in various directions.
This facetted envelope also results in a more even silhouette;
the raised technical block containing the stage machinery, which
could otherwise have been a visual obstacle in the town, is now
All of the facades have sharp angles and jutting planes, which are covered by steel plates and glass, often layered, in shades of yellow and orange. These protrusions afford places where the spectacle of display is continued off-stage and the roles of performer and viewer may be reversed. The artists's foyer, for instance, is above the entrance, enabling the artists to watch the audience approaching the theatre from a large, inclined window.
Inside, the colourfulness of the outside increases in intensity; a handrail executed as a snaking pink ribbon cascades down the main staircase, winds itself all around the void at the centre of the large, open foyer space on the first floor and then extends up the wall towards the roof, optically changing colour all the while from violet, crimson and cherry to almost white.
The main theatre is all in red. Unusually for a town of this size, the stage is very big, enabling the staging of large, international productions. The intimate dimensions of the auditorium itself are emphasized by the horseshoe shaped balcony and by the vibrant forms and shades of the acoustic panelling.
/Ben van Berkel
The product of architecture can at least partly be understood as an endless live performance. As the architectural project transforms, becomes abstracted, concentrated and expanded, becomes diverse and ever more scaleless, all of this happens in interaction with a massive, live audience.
Today, more than ever, we feel that the specificity of architecture is not itself contained in any aspect of the object. The true nature of architecture is found in the interaction between the architect, the object and the public. The generative, proliferating, unfolding effect of the architectural project continues beyond its development in the design studio in its subsequent public use.
Facts about Agora Theater
Gross floor area: 7.000 m2
Capacity main hall: 753 seats
Capacity small hall: 207 seats
Ben van Berkel
Jacques van Wijk
B+M, Den Haag
Pieters bouwtechniek, Haarlem
Jorritsma Bouw, Almere
Photographed by Christian Richters
Last updated: December 19, 2013
Pasadena, California, USA