Zaha Hadid Architects
The museum positions itself symbolically and
functionally as open and fluid, engaging its context and content to
ensure it is profoundly interlinked with not only Glasgow's
history, but also its future.
The historic development of the Clyde and the city of Glasgow is a unique legacy. Located where the Kelvin joins the Clyde, the museum's design flows from the city to the river; symbolizing a dynamic relationship where the museum is the voice of both, connecting the city to the river and also the transition from one to the other.
The museum houses more than 3,000 exhibits, in over 150
interactive displays telling the stories of the people who made the
term "Clyde Built" one which travelled the world and spoke volumes
about unbeatable quality.
The Tall Ship Glenlee is moored in front of the museum's south facade, bringing her together, for the very first time, with the city's unrivalled ship model collection. The Glenlee is one of only five "Clyde Built" sailing vessels afloat in the world today and the only one in the UK.
The building, open at opposite ends, has a tunnel-like configuration between the city and the Clyde. However, within this connection between the city and river, the building diverts to create a journey away from its external context into the world of the exhibits.
Visitors build up a gradual sense of the external context as they move through the museum from exhibit to exhibit. The design is a sectional extrusion, open at opposing ends along a diverted linear path. This cross-sectional outline could be seen as a cityscape and is a responsive gesture to encapsulate waves on water.
The outer waves or "pleats" are enclosed to accommodate support services and the "black box" exhibits. This leaves the main central space column-free and open, offering greatest flexibility to exhibit the museum's world-class collection.
The main contractors, BAM, described the building of the massive, 2,500 tons steel roof, without any internal supporting columns, as the most challenging engineering feat in the UK today.
The form of the roof structure is roughly z-shaped in plan with structural mullions at each end that not only support the roof, but also allow the glazed end facades to be supported without the need for any secondary members. In section the roof is a series of continuous ridges and valleys that constantly vary in height and width from one gable to the other with no two lines of rafters being geometrically the same.
The history of Glasgow is profoundly interlinked with the history of the Clyde, and together they have informed the museum's design. I wanted the building to reflect the importance of its location and allow for the innovative and inspirational display of its outstanding collection.
The fluid design continues Glasgow's rich engineering traditions; a true demonstration and celebration of the skills and passion of local engineers and contractors who helped to bring this building to life.
Facts about Riverside Museum
Footprint area: 7,800 m2
Gross floor area: 11,300 m2
Exhibition area: 6,600 m2
BAM Construction Ltd.
Last updated: January 21, 2013
Out of the Ordinary: The Architecture and Design of Robert Venturi, Denise Scott Brown and Associates
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
New York, New York, USA
West Hollywood, California, USA