Originally designed in the late 1800s by Jose Luis
Monteiro, a leading architect of his time, Lisbon's Rossio Station
is a Portuguese landmark that had, over the years, been extensively
remodeled, resulting in a poorly designed and serviced mainline
railway station that had lost much of its historical charm and
Restoring the building's dignity was integral to our design approach for the completed scheme./Margarida Caldeira, Project architect Broadway Malyan
Modifications made to Rossio Station over the years, were executed with little consideration for the overall harmony of the building, resulting in a dysfunctional structure.
The Rossio Station building's original three floors, designed to direct travellers to key parts of Lisbon, were crudely converted to six, to accommodate a shopping center, in the late 1970s.
This broke up the fluid movement of travelers across the station
and dissected the building's sweeping windows and expansive arched
The Broadway Malyan architects proposed a dramatic solution - they removed the three additional floors and reinstated the Rossio Station building's original layout and lofty, high-ceilinged design.
To reclaim lost footage mezzanines were carefully placed on each floor and sections of the building were designed for commercial office use only.
As well as an efficient layout original details, such as
Monteiro's cast iron framed windows, are now viewed in an
White walls and wooden floors throughout create a clean, simple and modern space, while the choice of up-lighting enhances the simplicity and verticality of the Rossio Station's expansive walls, and creates non-obtrusive lighting for a comfortable working environment.
During the restoration of the original structure of Rossio
Station, the Broadway Malyan team unearthed an unexpected
architectural gem: an ornate, cast iron and glass ceiling that had
been hidden beneath a layer of plasterboard. Once unveiled and
restored, the striking ceiling helped recreate a light and spacious
room from which several areas of the building can be viewed. The
use of glass between connecting rooms further increases the sense
of fluid space and unity.
Glass was integral to the refurbishment, not just because it was
fundamental to Monteiro's original design, but also because it
provides a visual link between the station area and newly designed
office space. Specially engineered Cool-Lite glass, which has high
tech acoustic and thermic properties, has been used by Broadway
Malyan to regulate sound and temperature while helping to retain
the original look and feel of the station's exterior windows.
Broadway Malyan also worked to sensitively restore sections of the scheme that are rich in historical detail such as the King's waiting room, where Portuguese royalty would wait in privacy for their trains. The room now incorporates original stonework, plaster and wood detail.
The Broadway Malyan team also attended to the Rossio Station
building's immediate surroundings. The old market square, adjacent
to the Rossio Station, was being used by commuters as an unofficial
and unsightly car park. The space has now been transformed into an
elegant public plaza, with seating and shopping facilities,
providing a positive space to greet visitors entering the
The facades of the buildings framing the new public plaza were
also renovated to match the quality of Rossio Station's refurbished
exterior. To further integrate the station with surrounding
architecture, local stone, Lioz, was sourced for use both within
Rossio itself and to upgrade street paving bordering the
With the building's interior space reconnected, original
structure and design detail sensitively restored, and surrounding
area rejuvenated, Rossio Station has been reinstated as the train
station and landmark building it was originally designed to
Facts about Rossio Station
Structural and Service Engineers:
Cenor Engenharia Lda
Engenharia de Acustica e Ambiente Lda
LMSA Engenharia de Edificios S.A
Site coordination & Construction Supervision:
Teixeira Duarte - Engenheria e Construcoes S.A
Estacao de Entre Campos
Last updated: December 19, 2013
Siza, Souto de Moura, Moneo, Calatrava and Barraga,
Out of the Ordinary: The Architecture and Design of Robert Venturi, Denise Scott Brown and Associates
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