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Caltrans District 7 Headquarters
Morphosis

July 30, 2012 /

Los Angeles, California, USA

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Photo: arcspace

Materials, forms, and exposed structural elements are referential to the work of Caltrans and evoke a feeling of the freeways.

The new Caltrans District 7 Headquarters covers an entire city block downtown Los Angeles, directly opposite City Hall, in the midst of an increasingly revivified area. The building is the first to be commissioned under the State of California's Design Excellence Program.

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Photo courtesy Morphosis

Roughly L-shaped in plan the building is composed of two main volumes. The 13 story larger volume stretches along the entire block between 1st and 2nd Streets and is set back 155 feet from Main Street. The smaller four story volume, extends from the larger volume to Main Street and occupies approximately one-half the length of the site, from mid-block to 2nd Street.

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Photo: arcspace

Enrobed in a constantly changing mechanical skin that is alternately open or closed depending on the conditions of outside temperature and sunlight, the building's fundamental property is that of transformation.

At dusk the building is transparent, textured and windowed everywhere to invite the voyeur, while at mid-day it is buttoned up against the sun, appearing to be devoid of windows entirely.

The building's south facade is entirely surfaced with photovoltaic cells that will generate approximately 5% of the building's energy while shielding the facade from direct sunlight during peak summer hours.

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Photo: arcspace

The facade along Main Street features an innovative double skin of glass behind perforated aluminum panels. The panels open and close mechanically timed with the movement of the sun and weather conditions, providing surface variety on the facade, shielding the interior from the sun and giving office workers changing views to the outside.

The panels continue down to the courtyard where they form a canopy.

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Photo: arcspace

Marking the entrance of the building at 100 South Main Street is a super-graphic, forward-canted sign towering 40 feet over the sidewalk. Comprised of layers of opacity and transparency, that break the confines of the vertical walls, the sign marks the building and the institution as an urban landmark.

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Photo: arcspace

The design moves the lobby from the inside to the outside of the building, so that it becomes a plaza shared by employees, visitors and the general public. Pedestrian traffic on Main Street flows directly into this space. To engage street traffic, public amenities such as the exhibition gallery, large public art piece, retail stores and cafeteria are located around the outdoor lobby at ground level. A light well above the lobby cuts through the center of the building.

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Photo: arcspace

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Photo courtesy Morphosis

Integrated into all sides of the outdoor lobby, up to its full height of 4 stories, is a light installation by artist Keith Sonnier, titled Motordom. The work is integrated directly into the architecture of the four story outdoor lobby, filling it with half a mile of neon and argon tubes arranged in horizontal bands of red and blue light that mimic the ribbons of headlights on California's freeways.

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Photo: arcspace

Further references to the California freeways are apparent in a large light-bar that extends out from the First Street side of the building to cantilever out over the street, and in a low yellow neon strip wraps around the northeast corner of the building at shoulder level.

The various cantilevers and extrusions are about movement, about an unrestrained exuberance that speaks directly to the car culture of Los Angeles and that serves to reinforce the raison d'être of Caltrans.

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Photo: arcspace

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Photo: arcspace

The Morphosis design carries the themes of openness, interplay and sustainability into the building's interior. Elevators operate on a "skip-stop" basis, opening onto mini-lobbies located on every third floor: a scheme that speeds vertical circulation, establishes interim gathering places throughout the building and encourages those who can to use the stairs. Floor plans reverse the usual hierarchy of office space.

The design goes beyond merely providing functional spaces. It seeks in every way to engage people actively while blurring the distinction between outside and inside, so that this government bureau works as a truly public building.

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Site Plan courtesy Morphosis
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Level 01 Plan courtesy Morphosis

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Section looking south courtesy Morphosis

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Section looking west courtesy Morphosis

Facts about Caltrans District 7 Headquarters

Total area:

1.05 million gross ft2
Office building: 750,000 ft2
Underground parking garage: 300,000 ft2

Design/Build Team:
Main & First Design/Build Associates, Inc.

Architect:
Morphosis

General Contractor:

The Clark Construction Group, Inc.

Developer:

Urban Partners

Morphosis Team:
Principal:
Thom Mayne

Project Manager:

Silvia Kuhle

Project Architect:

Pavel Getov

Job Captain:

Anthony Mrkic
Chandler Ahrens
Irena Bedenikovic
Tim Christ
Mario Cipresso
Ben Damron
Marty Doscher
Paul Gonzales
Salvador Hidalgo
Olivia Jukic
Ted Kane
Dwoyne Keith
Kristina Loock
Jean Oei
Axel Schmitzberger
Martin Summers
Daynard Tullis

Client:

State of California
Department of General Services

Caltrans

Last updated: December 19, 2013

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