The Modern Wing
With its serene limestone, glass facade and innovative
sun-screen canopy, that floats over the roof like a flying carpet,
the Modern Wing already has a significant presence in a city
defined by its rich architectural heritage.
The new Modern Wing is located at the northeast corner of the Art Institute's existing complex, at a site that is one block east of Michigan Avenue and directly across Monroe Street from Millennium Park. The addition completes the cultural, urban campus of the museum.
The building is a composition of three attached elements. On the
east side, a three-story pavilion houses galleries and the new Ryan
Education Center, on the west side, another three-story pavilion
houses galleries, visitors' services, a restaurant, and the
sculpture terrace that connects with the Nichols Bridgeway from
Joining these two pavilions is the double-height "street"
(Griffin Court), which takes visitors into the Art Institute from
the new Monroe Street entrance, leads them through the Modern Wing,
and brings them directly to the central axis of the existing
The clarity of this scheme is matched by the simplicity of the Modern Wing's exterior. The east and west facades are clad in Indiana limestone, matching the material of the museum's original building and earlier wings and conveying the same robust strength. Above the building stands light, transparent, and permeable in steel and glass, in the great tradition of Chicago buildings: solid and robust yet at the same time light and crisp.
Chicago is known everywhere as the first city of modern architecture, here you are building within the great tradition of our own time, but also within sight of the immense open lakeshore, within steps of a vital city center, just across from Millennium Park.
My desire was to root the Art Institute's building deeply in this ground, but at the same time to give the Modern Wing air and lightness-to let it levitate. A continuation of an urban fabric, a flight into new experiences: this is what I have hoped to achieve, for Chicago and for one of the world's best-loved museums.
Adding to the impression of lightness is Renzo Piano's "flying
carpet" canopy, which soars above the skylit galleries of the east
pavilion and extends over a large portion of the adjacent garden
The white, extruded aluminum sun-screen is a novel system of
cantilevered blades that capture the north light and deliver it to
the east pavilion's third-floor galleries while gently shading the
The Modern Wing is attached to the Nichols Bridgeway, crossing
high above Monroe Street like a fine blade, connecting the heart of
Millennium Park to the sculpture terrace of the Modern Wing. The
sharp metal is a reminder of the bold structures characteristic of
The design was inspired by the hull of a boat or sleek racing
shell. It is a long, thin structure with a rounded bottom made of
structural steel painted white.
The Art Institute is applying for silver LEED certification with the Estimated energy use for the Modern Wing being half that of the existing building.
Innovative light filtration system, in the form of the "flying carpet" roof works in tandem with automated dimming system in galleries to take advantage of as much natural light as possible. Finely calibrated dimming system uses photo cells to accommodate fluctuations in light levels according to time of day, season, and weather. Double curtainwall construction saves energy by insulating the galleries. Construction debris is recycled.
New museum gardens and plantings around the Modern Wing will increase the green space on the city block by 21,075 square feet.
Photographed by Chuck Choi (unless otherwise indicated)
Located on the third floor of the Modern Wing's west pavilion, Terzo Piano is the endpoint of the new Nichols Bridgeway from Millennium Park. The restaurant design respects the aesthetic of Renzo Piano's Modern Wing, creating an open, light-filled dining experience that celebrates its setting.
Dirk Denison Architects
Terzo Piano Restaurant
The Art Institute of Chicago
Dirk Denison, FAIA, envisioned a space for Terzo Piano in which
the experience of the museum continues into the dining area.
The architects added a series of fixed elements, organized as nodes
of activity, that stand free from the walls, allowing Piano's
architecture to maintain its full integrity.
A curved garde manger floats near the entry; a display kitchen where cheese plates, meat selections and salads are prepared. Display vitrines, installed with British artist Andrew Lord's ceramics, bring character to the various seating areas. None of these elements touches the ceiling, and all are dressed in a light palette of white, gray, and beige.
White allows the views to be the color and texture in the space, the presence of natural light at this restaurant, bouncing off of multiple reflective surfaces, is prime.
Terzo Piano, seating 246 guests, is helmed by Chef Tony Mantuano
of Chicago's four-star Spiaggia.
Architect: Dirk Denison Architects
Facts about The Modern Wing
Total Building Area:
Renzo Piano Building Workshop
Partner in Charge: J. Moolhuijzen
Architect of Record:
Engineer of Record:
Ove Arup & Partners
Gustafson Guthrie Nichol Ltd.
The Rise Group
Site Utilities Engineer:
Patrick Engineering Inc.
Jose de Avila and Associates
Carter Burgess (LEED consultant)
Photographed by Chuck Choi
Last updated: December 19, 2013