The Thematic Pavilion is situated along a new promenade
in a former industrial harbor that will be transformed into an
"urban beach" offering leisure activities to the public after the
Expo and the aspired improvement of water quality.
The main design intent was to embody the Expo's theme "The Living Ocean and Coast" and transform it into a multi-layered architectural experience. The Expo's agenda, the responsible use of natural resources, is not visually represented, but embedded into the building through the sustainable climate design or the biomimetic approach of the kinetic facade.
We experience the Ocean mainly in two ways, as an endless surface and in an immersed perspective as depth. This plain/profound duality of the Ocean motivates the building's spatial and organizational concept. Continuous surfaces twist from vertical to horizontal orientation and define all significant interior spaces./soma
Continuous transitions between contrasting experiences also form
the outer appearance of the Pavilion. As a counterpart to the
virtual multi-media shows of the thematic exhibition taking place
in its interior spaces, the kinetic facade, like the building as a
whole, emphasizes the manifold potentials of analogue architectural
The architectural effect is a smoothly moving facade that is
seamlessly integrated into the overall continuous skin of the
pavilion. The facade consists of 108 kinetic lamellas that are
supported at the top and the bottom edge.
Towards the sea the conglomeration of solid vertical cones define a new meandering coast line, a soft edge that is in constant negotiation between water and land.
The space boundaries of the open foyer are defined by the
twisting surfaces of the cones. The interstitial spaces between
them frame the view onto the Ocean and create niches for the
visitors to take a pause from the exhibition. Stairs or lifts lead
to the roof-landscape, the third exhibition area, with a 360-degree
view over the Expo site.
Beside their function to control light conditions the moving
lamellas create animated patterns on the facade. The choreography
will span from subtle local movements to overall waves effecting
the whole length of the building. The architectural intention was
to produce a choreography and imagery out of the building's own
layers, without displaying any further media "content."
During daytime the kinetic lamellas are used to control solar input. They will be operated by energy gained through solar panels on the roof. The building's performance was analyzed in detailed simulations to reduce energy consumption and increase efficiency.
Facts about One Ocean
Gross floor area: 6,918 m2
Building area: 5,657 m2
Structural Engineer CD Phase:
Yeon and Partners
Climate Design (competition):
The Organizing Committee/EXPO Yeosu 2012
Last updated: December 19, 2013